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Often unenforced

Possession and personal use

According to the Law on Campaign against Intoxicants, Drugs and their Control, he/she who possesses hashish in quantities of up to 50g for the purpose of personal consumption, if a medical examiner certifies his/her addiction, shall be exempted from prosecution and shall be taken to an addicts treatment center. 

If addiction of the offender is certified by the medical examiner, but the amount of hashish obtained exceeds 50g, he/she shall be detained in drug treatment center by police and, depending on the circumstances, may be considered a drug trafficker and punished accordingly (see Hashish trafficking).

Representatives of the addiction treatment center shall report every 15 days to the relevant court on the health condition of the detainee. In response to the report, court may abrogate or extend the period of detention and treatment.

Hashish trafficking

  • <10g of hashish - imprisonment for up to one month

  • >10g, <100g - imprisonment for more than one month up to two months

  • >100g, <500g - imprisonment for more than two months up to three months

  • >500g, <1kg - imprisonment for more than three months up to six months

  • >1kg, <5kg - imprisonment for more than six months up to one year

  • >5kg - one year imprisonment

 For each additional 500g imprisonment of three months, while the total term of imprisonment for hashish trafficking shall not exceed 10 years.


Cultivation of cannabis in a one-acre land, depending on the circumstances is punished with up to 2 months of imprisonment. If the land lot where cannabis is grown exceeds one acre, 5 additional days of imprisonment are added for each additional one-fourth of an acre.


Mixing banned substances (including hashish) with food or allowing their consumption in restaurants, hotels, cinemas, shops or any other premises is punishable with up to 8 years of imprisonment.

Repeated offenders shall be sentenced to the maximum penalty.


According to a United Nations report Afghanistan produces 93% of the world's opium, however, due to international pressure form western governments, authorities are attempting to curb opium production. As a result, local farmers are turning to cannabis cultivation to supplement their income. While still illegal, authorities are less concerned with weed than they are with opium. The U.N. report goes on to say that Afghanistan is also the world's biggest producer of hashish and that Afghan farmers earned up to $94 million (US) in 2009 from selling 1,500 to 3,500 tons of hash.

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