Population
35749600
Tolerance
9 / 10
Medical
Yes
Status
Legal

Cannabis in Canada is legal for both recreational and medicinal purposes.

Medicinal use of cannabis was legalized nationwide in 2001 under conditions outlined in the Marihuana for Medical Purposes Regulations, later superseded by the Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations, issued by Health Canada and seed, grain, and fibre production was permitted under licence by Health Canada.

The federal Cannabis Act came into effect on October 17, 2018 and made Canada the second country in the world, after Uruguay, to formally legalize recreational use of the plant. Whereas decriminalization would simply remove laws restricting the use of cannabis products, as has been implemented in many countries, legalization allows for the taxation of legally produced cannabis Canada is the first G7 and G20 nation to do so..

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Medical

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Many people use cannabis for conditions such as cancer, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, hepatitis and arthritis. The marijuana plant can also be used to treat conditions such as anxiety, stress, depression and pain.

Patients are permitted to possess up to a 30-day supply of marijuana as prescribed by the patient’s healthcare practitioner, with a maximum of 150 grams. Patients are also permitted to grow marijuana in their homes, as ruled in February 2016


Hemp

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Commercial cultivation of industrial hemp was forbidden in 1938. On March 12, 1998  the Industrial Hemp Regulations came into effect.


Culture


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Politics

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The federal Liberal government, led by Justin Trudeau, introduced the legislation in a bid to make Canada the second country in the world to legalise the cannabis, after Uruguay. 


Activism


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History


  • Canada banned cannabis

    1923-04-23

  • The first marijuana seizure was made by Canadian law enforcement

    1937

  • The regulation on access to cannabis for medical purposes

    2001-07-01

    Authorized patients can grow their own pot or obtain it from authorized producers or Health Canada.

  • First licence for recreational cannabis distribution

    2017-09-15

    To Organigram Holdings. This marked a milestone for marijuana distribution in Canada.

  • Canadian senators passed the Cannabis Act by 56 votes to 30

    2018-06-08

    in favour of legislation aimed at ending more than 90 years of prohibition (source)

  • Canada legalized recreational cannabis

    2018-10-17

    Bill C-45, approved by Parliament, goes into effect. 


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