Cannabis in the Czech Republic is illegal for recreational use, but personal possession has been decriminalized since 1 January 2010 and medical cannabis has been legal since 1 April 2013.
Possession of up to 15 grams of dry cannabis for personal use, or cultivation of up to five plants, is classed as a misdemeanor under laws enacted in 2010 (via a non incrimination decree, 467/2009 Coll.). On conviction, a fine of up to 15,000CZK is applicable, but fines are typically much lower. However, cannabis remains illegal, and possession of larger amounts can lead to a jail sentence of one year. Trafficking is treated as a major crime, with the maximum penalty set at 18 years.
The Czech Republic is a young country, and adopted liberal drug laws upon first achieving statehood. Its liberal policies have been compromised repeatedly, but the most recent major legal change marked a major step forward—although its implementation may now be proving less progressive than was first hoped.
In 2013, the Czech Republic legalized medical marijuana for patients with specific diseases. The law specifies that patients with a medical marijuana prescription can purchase marijuana from pharmacies. However, the law failed to establish cultivation regulations, which led to a lack of suppliers and the need to import cannabis from other countries.
The logistics company Elkoplast is licensed to produce medicinal cannabis using Bedrocan strains and expertise. According to reports, Elkoplast distributed its first crop of 11 kg in February 2016.
Czech Republic legalizes cannabis for medical use