Population
2900787
Tolerance
5 / 10
Medical
No
Status
Illegal

Cannabis in Lithuania is illegal for recreational and medical purposes, but the cultivation and production of hemp (no more than 0.2 THC) are allowed.

Even a small proportion for personal use of cannabis distributes criminal liability. Theoretically, a custodial sentence of up to two years may be imposed on possession and acquisition, but in practice, such punishments are not granted. For distribution, depending on the amount, a custodial sentence of 2 to 15 years is imposed. The cultivation of cannabis is punishable by public works or a fine, either a restriction of liberty, or arrest, or a term of imprisonment of up to five years.

Till 2013, Lithuania was the only country in Europe threatened hemp cultivation. In September of that same year, voting in favor of 66-16, the government decided to legalize hemp. The law signed by President Dalia Grybauskaitė came into force in early 2014.


Article 259. Unlawful Possession of Narcotic or Psychotropic Substances for the Purpose Other than Distribution 

1. A person who unlawfully produces, processes, acquires, stores, transports or forwards narcotic or psychotropic substances for the purpose other than selling or otherwise distributing them shall be punished by a fine or by arrest or by a custodial sentence for a term of up to two years. 

2.  A person who unlawfully produces, processes, acquires, stores, transports or forwards a small quantity of narcotic or psychotropic substances for the purpose other than selling or otherwise distributing them shall be considered to have committed a misdemeanor and shall be punished by community service or by restriction of liberty or by a fine or by arrest.

3. A person who voluntarily applied to a healthcare institution for medical assistance or applied to a state institution to give away illicitly acquired, held without purpose the distribution of narcotic or psychotropic substances, is exempted from criminal liability for the production of narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances, acquisition and storage.


Article 260. Unlawful Possession of Narcotic or Psychotropic Substances for the Purpose of Distribution Thereof or Unlawful Possession of a Large Quantity of Narcotic or Psychotropic Substances 

1. A person who unlawfully produces, processes, acquires, stores, transports or forwards narcotic or psychotropic substances for the purpose of selling or otherwise distributing them or sells or otherwise distributes narcotic or psychotropic substances shall be punished by a custodial sentence for a term of two up to eight years. 

2. A person who unlawfully produces, processes, acquires, stores, transports or forwards a large quantity of narcotic or psychotropic substances for the purpose of selling or otherwise distributing them or sells or otherwise distributes a large quantity of narcotic or psychotropic substances shall be punished by a custodial sentence for a term of eight up to ten years. 

3. A person who unlawfully produces, processes, acquires, stores, transports or forwards a very large quantity of narcotic or psychotropic substances shall be punished by a custodial sentence for a term of ten up to fifteen years.
4. The acts provided for in this article shall also be the responsibility of the legal person.


Article 265. Illegal poppy or cannabis cultivation

1. Any person who, in breach of established procedure, cultivated large quantities of poppy,  cannabis or other plants included in the list of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, is punishable by public works or fines, or by restriction of liberty, or arrest, or imprisonment for up to five years.

2. A legal person shall also be liable for the offense provided for in this Article


According to the recommendations of the Minister of Health, Juozas Olekas (2003), a maximum of 5 g of cannabis is small, from 5 g to 500 g - an average of 500 g to 2500 g - a large, over 2.5 kg - very high amount.

Up to 0.25 g of cannabis resin (hashish) - is a small amount, from 0.25 g to 25 g - an average, from 25 g to 125 g - a large, more than 125 g - very high amount.

Cannabis oil up to 0.05 g - a small amount, from 0.05 to 5 g - medium, from 5 g to 25 g - large, more than 25 g - very high amount.

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Medical


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Hemp


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Culture

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Regarding Traditional Aspects of the Lithuanian Hemp: Interdisciplinary Analysis by ROLANDAS PETKEVIČIUS

The journal publishes an article by Rolandas Petkevičius (1976-2016) edited on the grounds of his manuscript legacy. Petkevičius was a researcher of Lithuanian ethnopsychiatry and ethnomedicine, a doctoral student at the Institute of Lithuanian Literature and Folklore working on a PhD thesis “Conception of Mental Health in the Traditional Lithuanian Culture”. He has also published several articles on the subject. Along with ethnomedicine, he was interested in ethnobotany, particularly in plants used in the traditional culture to cure mental disorders or / and to induce altered mental states, such as Datura stramonium L., Scopolia carniolica Jacq., Melilotus officinalis L., etc. This list also includes hemp (Cannabis sativa L.), cultivation and usage of which in Lithuania has so far escaped detailed scholarly attention. In this article, Petkevičius used archeological, linguistic and ethnographical data to elucidate possible origins of hemp in Lithuania. According to him, the wild hemp (Cannabis ruderalis) could have grown naturally on the Lithuanian territory some 5500 years ago, only subsequently becoming a cultivated plant. However, the author recognized the necessity of biological investigation of the Lithuanian hemp in order to provide a certain answer to this question. Such exhaustive investigation has not taken place so far, in spite of the first steps in that direction initiated by the experimental researchers at the Upytė station and enthusiasts of the cultivation of the Lithuanian hemp. The second part of the article deals with usage of hemp in Lithuania. According to the historical and ethnographic data, hemp mostly served as material for making ropes, as food, as cure and as a natural repellent against garden pests. The research results not only prove intense usage of hemp in the 20th century, but also indicate its important cultural function in the 21st century.


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Activism


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History


  • Cannabis harvest, 1925

    1925-10-07

    Cannabis harvest, 1925
  • Picket on decriminalization of cannabis at the Parlament

    2011-09-24

    About 30 young people gathered in the picket and held posters with slogans calling for the legalization of cannabis.

    Picket on decriminalization of cannabis at the Parlament
  • Hemp was legalized

    2014

    Industrial Hemp Law was adopted 66 votes to 16 with 22 abstentions. President Dalia Grybauskaitė has signed the amendments into law. The law defines industrial hemp as Cannabis Sativa L. plants of the Cannabaceae family, which contain no more than 0.2 percent of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main psychoactive element of the cannabis plant, in the dried form.

    Hemp was legalized
  • Hemp were allowed to grow in gardens

    2016-03-31

    47 Members of the Parmament, with 10 votes in favor and 23 abstentions.
     

    Person can plant certificated hemp seeds in not more than 0.1 ha, and a maximum of 20 units of hemp plants are sown in a 0.01 ha area.

    Hemp were allowed to grow in gardens
  • Cannabis Culture Day 2016

    2016-04-20

    Rally supporting cannabis legalization in Vilnius.

    Cannabis enthusiasts, who are scheduled to hold a rally outside the Lithuanian parliament on April 20, have been targeted by prosecutors who believe allowing the event may have violated the public interest. Rally organizers Mantas Ramonas and Andrius Ramonas were invited to prosecutors to explain the objectives of the rally. By prosecutors, no further steps have been taken and more than 500 activist, patients and cannabis regulation supporters gathered by parliament.

  • Possession for personal use held as a crime or misdemeanor.

    2017

    Before January 2017, possession of any amount of illegal substances for personal uses was considered as a subject of the administrative liability by the Administrative Offences Code, but starting from the 1st of January 2017 possession of any amount of psychoactive substances is regulated by the Criminal Code and held as a crime or misdemeanor.

    Possession for personal use held as a crime or misdemeanor.
  • Parliamentarians did not agree to decriminalize the possession of small quantities of drugs

    2017-03-27

    On 2017 March 10th members of the parliament Aušrinė Armonaitė (initiator), Vitalijus Gailius and Minister of Health Aurelius Veryga proposed a small quantity for a personal use decriminalization project which was sent to improve with 27 votes to 20 with 35 abstentions, 

    On 2017 November 24th parliament member Aušrinė Armonaitė with other 15 members, submitted an updated decriminalization project which was rejected with 29 votes to 27 with 32 abstentions.

  • Cannabis Culture Day 2017

    2017-04-20

    The second year on April 20th politicians, nonprofit organizations and hundreds of people gathered by parliament asking the government to stop criminalization and legitimize medical cannabis. Event was opened by Mayor of Vilnius Remigijus Šimašius.

  • "Cannabis revolution" street art

    2017-08-15

    Hundreds of people gathered at the opening celebration. Hundreds, or maybe thousands, have already been signed on the wall. The Užupis community has also prepared an angel who blows a smoky performance.

    In addition to that, the second part of the event included firing up the sculpture of the angel honking a trumpet, which looked like the angel would smoke a joint.

    "Cannabis revolution" street art
  • Television Poll

    2017-09-29

    TV3 viewers voted for the legalization of cannabis for medical purposes. 89% voted FOR AND 11% AGAINST

  • Discussion on the legalization of cannabis for medical purposes at The Parlament

    2017-09-29

  • Rally: we demand to ease cannabis laws.

    2017-12-02

    Organizations "Žaliojo Žiedo Draugija", Young Wave and Vilnius Liberal Youth Organization (VLJO) organized a rally to support decriminalization of the possession of small quantities of drugs.

    Rally: we demand to ease cannabis laws.
  • Cannabis Culture Day 2018

    2018-04-20

    For the third consecutive year, hundreds of people gathered to celebrate Cannabis Culture Day with arts, music, talks, and education. In the celebration took part Mayor of Vilnius liberal Remigijus Šimašius, also members of the parliament, liberals Aušrinė Armonaitė, Simonas Gentvilas, Gintaras Vaičekauskas, conservative Mykolas Majauskas.  Liberal party had an information tent true all celebrations also organizations such as Legalize Belarus, Vilnius Students For Liberty, and Young Wave came to support.

  • A new strategy is being prepared

    2018-05-15

    Health Minister Aurelius Veryga proposes to decriminalize cannabis use. It is planned to spend more than 27 million euros on implementation of the complex plan.


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